Development of an Electric Ship using Salt Flow Batteries

The Salgenx S3000 stores 3MW of energy with about the same foot print of a lithium ion battery pack

Salt Water Battery Technology as Energy Storage for Electric Ship

Are you interested in alternatives to waterjet turbines or large diesel engines ? Large storage batteries may be the answer.

The salt water flow battery can simultaneously store power and make fresh water from brine or seawater. Imagine charging your battery from solar panels or wind, while making up to 2,600 liters (687 gallons) of fresh water per charge (a charge typically takes about 5-6 hours with a flow battery).

Send your solar panel power to storage. This concept allows you to use seawater as one of the NaCl electrolyte, and then another organic fluid as the other. The organic electrolyte is stored in a tank on-board, while the seawater (or brine) is stored in the ocean or salar.

The Salgenx 3,000 kW (3MW) battery, is much less expensive ( Capstone 1,000 kW is around $1.5 million so a 3MW is 3 x 1.5 = $4.5 million or Tesla Megapack at $2.4 million ) and the Salgenix has thermal storage capacities as well.

Salgenx (division of Infinity Turbine LLC) has developed a revolutionary saltwater flow battery which also acts as a electricity battery and thermal battery simultaneously.

Lower cost and faster access compared to Tesla Megapack which may take two years to deliver.

Does not use any Lithium, Vanadium, or a membrane.

Using a CO2 heat pump, you can double down on the payback for this new concept of a battery which stores heat as well as power.

Grid based rate arbitrage for purchasing power during off-peak times, then using power during on-peak daylight times to save money for dockside charging.

Mounted in the center hull of a trimaran or for ballasting or stability augmentation, the liquid electrolyte may be a good solution for standard lithium ion batteries.

Salgenx Website for Ship Battery Storage

Technology Review




HDPE high density polyethylene thermoplastic used for boat building and has become a new trend. Known for its high strength-to-density ratio, the density of HDPE can range from 930 to 970 kg m3. Being lighter than water has an enormous advantage in the marine field. The HDPE is resistant to many solvents making it a perfect choice for the boat building industry.

The ultimate desire of building hulls using HDPE would be to lay down the bottom keel layer, then 3D print up the sides and honeycomb interior which is later filled with expandable closed cell foam. Integrated within the hulls are vertical risers (typlically steel, carbon fiber beams, or steel cages) locked into place with foam.

For More Info…

HDPE Boat Publications

Electric Ship

Electric Ship is working with Infinity Turbine to develop a Salt Flow Battery that can be used on land and on the water. A saltwater foam will be a new membrane technology which saves weight for mobile (land and flight) applications.

Here are some recent developments:

Redox Flow Battery Technology: With the advent of the new USA tax credits for producing and selling batteries ($35/kW) we are focussing on a simple flow battery using shipping containers as the modular electrolyte storage units with tax credits up to $140,000 per system.

Our main focus is on the salt battery. This battery can be used for both thermal and electrical storage applications.

We call it the Cogeneration Battery or Cogen Battery.

One project is converting salt (brine) based water conditioners to simultaneously produce power.

In addition, there are many opportunities to extract Lithium from brine (salt lakes, groundwater, and producer water). Using our Lithium dredge processor based on the Electric Ship, on-demand Lithium processing will be available soon.

Salt water and brine are huge sources for lithium. Most of the worlds lithium is acquired from a brine source. It's even in seawater in a low concentration. Brine is also a byproduct of huge powerplants, which can now use that as an electrolyte and a huge flow battery (which allows storage at the source).

We welcome any business and equipment inquiries.

Swiss Paddlewheel

Lucerne and Beckenreid on Lake Lucerne, Switzerland.

Paddlewheel Uri in Lake Lucerne Switzerland: Built in 1901 the Uri steamship is still in use in Lake Lucerne connecting Lucerne to Fluelen, Switzerland. More Photos

The technique is to come in faster to maintain forward speed to make the rudder effective, then reverse to stop. The paddlewheels are connected and cannot be operated separately for asymmetric thrust. Amazing how much thrust these 8 x 3 ft paddles have (keep in mind that the density of water is 1000 kg per m3 or just over 62 lbs per ft3). A 8 x 3 ft paddle can bite 24 ft x 62 lbs (approx) = 1,488 lbs (675 kg) at rest.

For More Info…


The electric ship project has been a few years in the making. The basic vessel design has morphed over the past few years and is now becoming a more stable design and mission.

The Electricship website originally started off as a project to develop a comprehensive renewable, affordable, modular electric ship. In my travels, I have met many inspiring people, who encouraged my passion for inventing, and thus led to my developing alternative energy systems and concepts.

I’m a fan of Nikola Tesla, and a innovator in the world of alternative energy, CO2 mitigation, travel reviews (for fun), a commercial pilot, a sailor, and an expert in Filemaker database development. My motto is never stop exploring, and always keep learning. The journey is the destination.

I am developing and designing a eco-electric-ship (multihull) which is fully sustainable for tourism, travel, or small commercial freight/trade, to travel the globe. The modular platform will be able to host a range of missions. Based on the book and community Gaviotas: A Village to Reinvent the World, I hope to evangelize solar technologies, and sustainable tourism, with zero environmental impact (actually will enhance the environment) around the world.

Can a Heat Pump propulsion system extend battery range by 50 percent or more ?

We have been working on a new type of closed-loop CO2 heat pump system which may extend the range of batteries.

This would apply to electric cars, electric trucks, industrial contruction equipment, and battery powered aircraft (drones, RC, and passenger aircraft).

The concept of the heat pump is to amplify and use heat from both electricity and the environment. An efficient heat pump can have a COP (coefficient of performance) of 2 or more. That means for every 1 kW of electrical input, you get 2 kW of thermal output (cooling or heating). For a typical heat resistor at 100 percent efficiency, you would get a COP of 1.

The concept is to use a high energy dense working fluid like CO2 and leverage the lower boiling temperature (where it goes supercritical around 31.1C or 87.9 F) into a increased pressurized vapor.

There are a wide range of energy possibilities, including using the skin of the vehicle for collecting or dissipating thermal energy. Of particular interest is aviation applications where the upper atmosphere is always a big cold sink (condenser).

In the construction industry, this could easily be applied to vehicles with hydrostatic (hydraulic) drives for stationary (conveyers) or mobile (earth moving equipment) applications.

Currently looking for investors to develop this concept more, so we can approach Tesla and other large battery powered (range anxiety) applications.

@Tesla @elonmusk

Reversible Heat Pump–Organic Rankine Cycle Systems for the Storage of Renewable Electricity (pdf)

Understanding COP: Coefficient Of Performance Of Heat Pumps

Heat Pumps the Next Big Thing in Electric Vehicles

Email: Heat Pump Engine

Experimenting using liquid electrode and electrostatics to develop a process to make graphene from graphite

Exfoliated Graphene from Graphite

Under development using electrochemistry as a spinoff of the salt water flow battery is making graphene. We are currently developing a Micro Graphene Factory in cart form that can be used by boatbuilding fiberglass and carbon fiber shops.

We are also experimenting with plasma gun continuous production and electrostatic pulling to harvest layers of graphene from graphite.

There are many similarities and the use of sodium (Na) to exfoliate graphene from graphite.

Electrostatic Pulling to Make Graphene

Electro-Exfoliation of Graphite to Graphene in an Aqueous Solution of Inorganic Salt

Salgenx Energy Storage Simultaneous Desalination

A breakthrough in desalination technology has been announced today with the unveiling of a new system that uses a saltwater flow battery (BESS) cycle to produce clean drinking water from seawater. This innovative solution has been developed to create a sustainable and cost-effective way of storing energy while simultaneously producing fresh water.

The desalination system operates by using a saltwater flow battery cycle without the need for a membrane. The system can use a renewable energy source, such as solar power or large wind turbine, to charge the battery, making it both environmentally friendly and cost-effective.

For More Info…

Salgenx Salt Water Battery

MS Burgenstock hybrid catamaran Lake Lucerne Switzerland

Electric Ship Website Launch

Electric Ship is a project to redefine shipping by using a modular build concept, with multiple missions, using renewable energy.

The initial goals are to find an investor to build the first prototypes.

The business model is a solar powered electric powered multihull yacht for Swiss and Italian lakes, which have a dual purpose of AirBNB. A minimal crew will operate the yachts, starting at Lac Léman (Lake Geneva) in Switzerland which offers more than 40 km of Swiss and French culture, including the Swiss Riviera. Updated: Unfortunately, Swiss maritime law does not allow overnight sleeping on a vessel.

Salgenx Flow Battery Technology Report

Salgenx, a renowned provider of innovative energy solutions, has recently unveiled its highly anticipated Salt Water Redox Flow Battery Technology Report. This comprehensive report takes a deep dive into the dynamics of grid-scale flow batteries, shedding light on crucial aspects such as economics, efficiency, and deployment strategies.

With insights derived from extensive research and engineering expertise, the report offers valuable recommendations for optimizing financial viability, enhancing energy conversion efficiency, and successful deployment.

This groundbreaking resource is expected to revolutionize the understanding and adoption of grid-scale flow batteries, driving advancements in energy storage and accelerating the transition to a sustainable future.

The Salt Water Redox Flow Battery Technology Report is now available for purchase on the Salgenx website, positioning it as an essential read for industry professionals, investors, and stakeholders seeking reliable, efficient, and eco-friendly energy storage solutions.

The report is available for purchase for $299 via PayPal link.

Visit the Infinity Turbine page for more information on Salgenx Technology Report

Why Salt Water may be the Future of Batteries

There’s no shortage of solutions to the world’s need for renewable energy storage, but there is a shortage of accessible and cheap resources to use for those solutions. Lithium and vanadium aren't limitless, so what about regular, run-of-the-mill salt? Redox flow batteries, or RFBs, can exploit the abundance of elements like sodium and iron. One U.S. company already has salt water batteries ready to go, with at least two others developing iron flow variations built to effectively run on rust. They promise to last longer and be far cheaper than the competition. So, what happens if we go with the flow?

Salgenx Website

Undecided with Matt Ferrell

Why Salt Water may be the Future of Batteries


Various topics for the Electric Ship including:


MS Burgenstock

Conrad Bora Bora Catamaran

E Ship Build Components

First Principles

Food at Sea



GPU: Ground Power Unit Lithium Ion Power Hand Cart

Modular Composite Multihull

Pearl Beach Bora Bora Soel Yacht Catamaran Review

Rebuild vs New Build Review

Solar Oven

Solar Panel Selector

Make Your Rib or Zodiac Unsinkable Using Reflectix

Click here for articles in Topics...

E Foil Electric Foiling SuperYacht Tender and Sport Boat

Now looking into developing a electric foiling tender (RIB type or sport boat). Any interest ?

Power to get up on foil around 40-50 kW (for only a minute) and then once up on foil around 18-22 kW.

Boat would be stylist with a hammerhead type bow for easy walk-on, walk-off entry.

Hulls would be carbon fiber catamaran type format made with new carbon fiber bubblepack weav-loom design that we have developed for continuous forming to reduce costs.

We have two new novel ideas for the foils, including spinning discs and a rotating foil, which works in air.

Propulsion would be a vertically mounted electric motor direct drive shaft to a Tesla disc waterjet pump.

Typical Candela sportboat is about 290k Euro with a long wait time, while this would be a 12 month or shorter order-to-ship time with a target price around $150,000 USD.

Please email below if you have any interest in us developing this type of watercraft.

Typical E Foiling Boat Video

Email: Interest in foiling electric tender RIB or sport boat

Candela E Foiling Boat Reference

Foiling Review

Modular Containerized Power and Thermal Storage Solution

Cogeneration Battery

Considered a hybrid between a standard flow battery and a thermal storage device, the battery provides simultaneous heat or cold liquid storage as well as electrical energy storage.

The Cogen Battery has a variety of applications which include:

-storage of thermal energy (heating or cooling) from unused thermal resources

-storage of electrical power for backup power and grid strength

-utility grid power rate mining opportunities to store off-peak low cost power for later use during demand (on-peak) hours

-storage of thermal energy for Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) power production while simultaneously storing the electrical output from the turbine generator

-using off-peak low cost power to make heating and cooling for later use

-reducing peak demand utility rates by peak energy shaving

Cogeneration Salt Battery System

For More Info…


Electric Ship Topics Articles on the concept and development More Info

CO2 + H2O + DC Electricity + Nafion = Plastics and Fuel Gas to Liquids Developers and Experimenters System Cart... More Info

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